Stanford Cognitive & Systems Neuroscience Lab


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Abrams, D. A., Chen, T., Odriozola, P., Cheng, K. M., Baker, A. E., Padmanabhan, A., Ryali, S., Kochalka, J., Feinstein, C., Menon, V. (2016). Neural circuits underlying mother’s voice perception predict social communication abilities in children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Stanford Press Release
Mom's voice activates many different regions in children's brains

Chen, T., Michels, L., Supekar, K., Kochalka, J., Ryali, S., & Menon, V. (2015). Role of the anterior insular cortex in integrative causal signaling during multisensory auditory-visual attention. Eur J Neurosci, 41(2):264-74.

European Journal of Neuroscience Virtual Issue
Multisensory Processing


Evans, T., Kochalka, J., Ngoon, T., Wu, S., Qin, S., Battista, C., & Menon, V. (2015). Brain structural integrity and intrinsic functional connectivity forecast 6-year longitudinal growth in children's numerical abilities. Journal of Neuroscience.

Stanford Press Release
Brain scans better forecast math learning in kids than do skill tests, study finds

Media Coverage (Selected)
Boston Globe: This is your brain on math
NBC News: Brain scans may predict math gains in children
Stanford Medicine: Number Sense

Schaer, M., Kochalka, J., Padmanabhan, A., Supekar, K., Menon, V. (2015). Sex differences in cortical volume and gyrification in autism. Molecular Autism. 6:42  doi:10.1186/s13229-015-0035-y.

Simons Foundation Press Release
Landscape of brain ridges may vary with gender in autism

Supekar, K., Iuculano, T., Chen, L., Menon, V. (2015). Remediation of childhood math anxiety and associated neural circuits through cognitive tutoring. Journal of Neuroscience.

Stanford Press Release
Tutoring relieves math anxiety, changes fear circuits in children

Media Coverage (Selected)
NPR: 1 Tutor + 1 Student = Better Math Scores, Less Fear

Supekar, K., Menon, V., (2015) Sex differences in structural organization of motor systems and thier dissociable links with repetitive/restricted behaviors in children with autism. Molecular Autism.

Stanford Press Release
Girls and boys with autism differ in behaviors, brain structure

Media Coverage (Selected)
CBS: Girls and boys with autism differ in behaviors, brain structure
Daily Mail: Symptoms of autism differ between boys and girls because their brains have different structures


Cai, W., Ryali, S., Chen, T., Li., C.S., & Menon, V. Dissociable roles of Right Inferior Frontal Cortex and Anterior Insula in Inhibitory Control: Evidence from Intrinsic and Task-related Functional Parcellation, Connectivity and Response Profile Analyses across Multiple Datasets. Journal of Neuroscience. (2014).

Press Release
Yale Daily News: Working together, two brain regions arrest impulses

Iuculano, T., Rosenberg-Lee, M., Supekar, K., Lynch, C.J., Khouzam, A., Phillips, J., Uddin, L.Q. & Menon, V. Brain organization underlying superior mathematical abilities in children with autism. Biological Psychiatry. (2014).

Stanford Press Release
Autistic kids who best peers at math show different brain organization, study shows

Press Release
SFARI: Superior math skills may accompany autism, study suggests

Qin, S., Cho, S., Chen, T., Rosenberg-Lee, M., Geary, D.C. & Menon, V. Hippocampal-neocortical functional reorganization underlies children’s cognitive development. Nature Neuroscience. (2014)

Stanford Press Release
New research sheds light on how children’s brains memorize facts

Media Coverage (Selected)
Nature: Developing brains switch maths strategies
PBS NewsHour: Why is math easier for some kids than for others?
SF Gate: Kids' brains reorganize when learning math skills

Qin, S., Young, C.B., Duan, X., Chen, T. & Menon, V. Amygdala Subregional Structure and Intrinsic Functional Connectivity Predicts Individual Differences in Anxiety During Early Childhood. Biological Psychiatry. (2014).

Stanford Press Release
Size, connectivity of brain region linked to anxiety level in young children, study shows

Media Coverage (Selected)
Elsevier: Anxious Children have Bigger “Fear Centers” in the Brain
Psychology Today: The Size and Connectivity of the Amygdala Predicts Anxiety
Science Daily: Size, Connectivity of Brain Region Linked to Anxiety Level in Young Children
Connectivity of Brain Region Linked to Anxiety Level in Young Children
Science World Report: Anxious Children Have Larger 'Fear Centers' in Their Brains: Anxiety Disorder Development

Uddin, L. Q., Supekar, K. S., Lynch, C. J., Cheng, K. C., Odriozola, P., Barth, M. E., Feinstein, C., Abrams, D.A., & Menon, V. Brain state differentiation predicts behavioral inflexibility in autism. Cerebral Cortex. (2014).

Stanford Press Release
Autistic brain less flexible at taking on tasks, study shows

Media Coverage (Selected)
Headlines & Global News: Brains of Autistic Children Less Flexible in Switching Tasks
Science Daily: Autistic brain less flexible at taking on tasks
U.S. News & World Report: Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study

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Abrams, D.A., Lynch, C.J., Chen, K., Phillip, J., Supekar, K., Ryali, S., Uddin, L.Q. & Menon, V.  Under-connectivity between voice-selective cortex and reward circuitry in children with autism. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. (2013).

Stanford Press Release
Voices may not trigger brain's reward centers in children with autism, study shows

Media Coverage (Selected)
ABC News: Voice may not reward autistic kids
Autism Speaks: In Autism, Voices May Fail to Engage Brain Reward Center
Bloomberg Business Week: Autism Tied to Air Pollution, Brain-Wiring Disconnection
Brain & Behavior Research Foundation: NPR Reports: NARSAD Grantee Helps Uncover Why Voices Aren’t Pleasurable in Autisms
CNET: MRI reveals kids with autism may find human voices irritating
NPR News:
PNAS: Voice perception and autism spectrum disorders
The Examiner: Kids with autism do not find human voice pleasurable
WebMD: Kids With Autism May Find Human Voice Unpleasant

Abrams, D. A., Ryali S., Chen T., Chordia P., Khouzam A., Levitin D. J., Menon V. Intersubject synchronization of brain responses during natural music listening. European Journal of Neuroscience. (2013).

Stanford Press Release
Study shows different brains have similar responses to music

Media Coverage (Selected)
CNN News Release: This is your brain on music
European Journal of Neuroscience Blog: While music is an individualistic experience, different people’s brains track music in a consistent way
Science Daily: Different Brains Have Similar Responses to Music
The Atlantic: Study: There Seems to Be a Universal Brain Response to Music

Lynch, C. J., Uddin, L. Q., Supekar, K., Khouzam, A., Phillips, J., Menon, V. Default mode network in childhood autism: Posteromedial cortex heterogeneity and relationship with social deficits. Biological Psychiatry. (2013).

Press Release
MDLinx News Release: Default Mode Network in Childhood Autism: Posteromedial Cortex Heterogeneity and Relationship with Social Deficits

Supekar, K., Swigart, A., Tenison, C., Jolles, D., Rosenberg-Lee, M., Fuchs, L., & Menon, V. Neural predictors of individual differences in response to math tutoring in primary-grade school children. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. (2013).

Stanford Press Release
Size, wiring of brain structures in kids predict benefit from math tutoring, study says

Press Release
ABC, USNews.
Discovery Magazine: Top 100 Scientific Discoveries of 2013 (to appear)
CNN: Kids’ brains can predict math tutor benefit
LiveScience: Will Tutoring Boost Math Scores? Brain Scans Can Tell
Los Angeles Times: Children's brain mass counts for better math skills
Reuters: Your child's brain on math: Don't bother?
San Jose Mercury News Release: Stanford study says MRI scans can predict outcome of math tutoring
Science News: Brain measurements predict math progress with tutoring
The Stanford Daily: Researchers link MRI scans to math ability
The Telegraph: Peek into math potential of kids

Supekar, K., Uddin, L. Q., Khouzam, A., Phillips, J., Gaillard, W.D., Kenworthy, L., Yerys, B.E., Vaidya, C.J. & Menon, V. Brain Hyperconnectivity in Children with Autism and its Links to Social Deficits. Cell Reports. (2013).

Media Coverage (Selected)
ABC News: Autism study shows hyper-connected brains in children
Cell Reports: Brain Hyperconnectivity in Children with Autism and its Links to Social Deficits
Discover Magazine: Brains of Autistic Children Are Surprisingly Hyper-Connected
HealthDay: Inside the Autistic Brain: New Research Challenges Current Beliefs
Science Daily: Social Symptoms in Autistic Children May Be Caused by Hyper-Connected Neurons
SFARI: Superior math skills may accompany autism, study suggests

Uddin, L.Q., Supekar, K., Lynch, C.J., Khouzam, A., Phillips, J., Feinstein C., Ryali, S., & Menon, V. Salience network based classification and prediction of symptom severity in children with autism. JAMA Psychiatry. (2013).

Stanford Press Release
Hyperconnectivity found in brains of children with autism, study says

Media Coverage (Selected)
HealthyDay: 'Hyperconnectivity' Seen in Brains of Children With Autism
LA Times: Is the autistic brain too wired or not wired enough?
TIME Magazine: Unique Brain Pattern Could Predict Autism in Youngest Children

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Hoeft, F., Gabrieli, J., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Haas, B., Bammer, R., Menon, V., & Spiegel, D. Functional brain basis of hypnotizability. Archives of General Psychiatry. (2012).

Stanford Press Release
Not getting sleepy? Research explains why hypnosis doesn't work for all

Levitin, D.J., Chordia, P., & Menon, V. Musical rhythm spectra from Bach to Joplin obey a 1/f power law. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. (2012).

Press Release
PNAS Press Release: From Monteverdi to Joplin, rhythm patterns recur

Press Coverage
Wired Magazine News Release: Fractal Musical Rhythms

Shirer, W. R., Ryali, S., Rykhlevskaia, E., Menon, V. & Greicius, M.D. Decoding subject-driven cognitive states with whole-brain connectivity patterns. Cerebral Cortex. (2012).

Stanford Press Release
New imaging method allows scientists to identify specific mental states.

Young, C.B., Wu, S., & Menon, V. Neurodevelopmental basis of math anxiety. Psychological Science. (2012).

Stanford Press Release
Imaging study reveals differences in brain function for children with math anxiety

Press Release
The Guardian: Maths anxiety: the numbers are mounting
Huffington Post: Math Anxiety Linked With Differences In Brain Functioning, Study Finds
SF Chronicle: Demystifying math could ease anxiety

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Rosenberg-Lee, M., Barth, M. & Menon, V. What difference does a year of schooling make?: Maturation of brain response and connectivity between 2nd and 3rd grades during arithmetic problem solving. NeuroImage. (2011).

Stanford Press Release
Adding it up: Research shows how early math lessons change children's brains

Media Coverage (Selected)
CNN The Chart: Does third grade lead to brain changes?
ScienceNews: A year adds up to big changes in the brain.

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Supekar, K., Musen, M. E., & Menon, V. Development of large-scale brain networks in children. PLoS Biology. (2009).

Stanford Press Release
Stanford School of Medicine News Release: Pioneering Stanford study shows how children's brain signaling differs from adults.

Media Coverage (Selected)
ABC News: New study reveals brain differences.
PLoS Biology: From Child to Young Adult, the Brain Changes Its Connections.
San Jose Mercury News:
Stanford News: Abnormal brain organization in Alzheimer’s disease patients may lead to easier diagnoses.
Stanford StoryBank: Pioneering Stanford study shows how children's brain signaling differs from adults.

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Supekar, K., Menon, V., Rubin, D., Musem, M. & Greicius, M. D. Network analysis of intrinsic functional brain connectivity in Alzheimer's disease. PLoS Computational Biology. (2008).

Stanford Press Release
Facebook concepts indicate brains of Alzheimer's patients aren't as networked, Stanford study shows .

Press Release
Stanford News: Taking a page from Facebook: Researchers track brain networks in Alzheimer's.
The Times of India (India): Alzheimer’s: Puneite breaks new ground.

Press Coverage
NBC News
Stanford Report: Taking a page from Facebook: Researchers track brain networks in Alzheimer's.

Simons Foundation for Autism Research

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Sridharan, D., Levitin, D. J., Chafe, C. H., Berger, J. & Menon, V. Neural dynamics of event segmentation in music: Converging evidence for dissociable ventral and dorsal streams. Neuron. (2007).

Report to the US Congress
NSF Highlights

Press Releases
ABC News: Music and the pregnant pause.
Ascribe: How the Brain Responds as the Beat Goes on: McGill, Stanford Researchers First to Map Neural Responses to Transitions in Music.
Business Wire: Music Moves Brain to Pay Attention, Stanford Study Finds.
Canadian Broadcasting Corp. (Canada): In music and memory formation, silence is golden, researchers say.
Cell Press(Neuron): Music hath charms to probe the brain's auditory circuitry.
EurekAlert: Music hath charms to probe the brain's auditory circuitry.
Forskning (Norway): Barokk hjerneforskning.
Le Devoir (French Canada): Notre cerveau aurait l'instinct mélomane.
Le Scienze (Italy): Musica & cervello.
McGill News (Canada): How the brain responds as the beat goes on.
NetDoktor.De Nachrichten (Germany): Gehirn: Musik schärft die Aufmerksamkeit (Australia): Music moves brain to pay attention.
Palo Alto Online: Study: Music makes brain work better.
Science Daily: Music Moves Brain To Pay Attention, Study Finds.
Stanford News: Music moves brain to pay attention, organize events.
Stanford School of Medicine News Release: Music moves brain to pay attention, Stanford study finds.
The Hindu (India): Music moves brain to pay attention: study.
Times of India (India): Hear music for a sharper brain.
U.S. News: Researchers Watch Music Play in the Brain.
Washington Post: Researchers watch music play in the brain.
Zee News (India): Listening to music makes the brain work better.

Interviews (Partial List)
ABC News:
Music and the Pregnant Pause: Research Shows a Moment of Silence Enhances the Experience

Brazilian Magazine "What's Up?" (Brazil)
Danish Newspaper Jyllands-Posten (Denmark)
Discovery Channel
La Repubblica (Italy): La magia della musica "Così attiva il cervello."
Hispanic Science News Wire Service
Journal of Life Sciences
Prevention Magazine
San Jose Mercury News
Scientific American: The Sound Track of Our Minds.
Sounds Opinion, Chicago Public Radio
Stanford Report
The Daily Telegraph (U.K.): Our brains crackle to the sound of silence.
The Calcutta Telegraph: Our brains crackle to the sound of silence.

Press Coverage
Stanford School of Medicine Top Web Story of 2007
More than 75 newspapers and online news websites worldwide.

2007 Brain Network Dynamics Conference
Conference Archives

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Azim, E., Mobbs, D., Jo, B., Menon, V. & Reiss, A. L. Sex differences in brain activation elicited by humor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U.S.A. (2005).

Press Coverage
More than 50 newspapers and online news websites worldwide.


Menon, V. & Levitin, D. J. The rewards of music listening: Response and physiological connectivity of the mesolimbic system. Neuroimage. (2005).

Press Coverage
New York Times: Music of the Hemispheres

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Adleman, N. E., Menon, V., Blasey, C. M., White, C. D., Warsofsky, I. S., Glover, G. H. & Reiss, A. L. A developmental fMRI study of the Stroop color-word task. Neuroimage. (2002).

Press Coverage
The Economist
Melbourne Age


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